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Key:

Mandarin Chinese information.
Old Wade-Giles romanization used only in Taiwan.
Japanese information.
Buddhist definition. Note: May not apply to all sects.
 Definition may be different outside of Buddhism.

There are 5 total results for your 四衆 search.

Characters Pronunciation
Romanization
Simple Dictionary Definition

四衆


四众

see styles
sì zhòng / si4 zhong4
ssu chung
 shishu;shishuu / shishu;shishu / ししゅ;ししゅう
(1) four orders of Buddhist followers (monks, nuns, male lay devotees and female lay devotees); (2) four monastic communities (ordained monks, ordained nuns, male novices and female novices); (3) (in Tendai) the four assemblies
The four varga (groups, or orders), i. e. bhikṣu, bhikṣuṇī, upāsaka and upāsikā, monks, nuns, male and female devotees. Another group, according to Tiantai's commentary on the Lotus, is 發起衆 the assembly which, through Śāriputra, stirred the Buddha to begin his Lotus Sutra sermons; 當機衆 the pivotal assembly, those who were responsive to him; 影向衆 the reflection assembly, those like Mañjuśrī, etc., who reflected on, or drew out the Buddha's teaching; and 結緣衆 those who only profited in having seen and heard a Buddha, and therefore whose enlightenment is delayed to a future life; four types of monastic community

說四衆過


说四众过

see styles
shuō sì zhòng guò / shuo1 si4 zhong4 guo4
shuo ssu chung kuo
 setsu shishu ka
accuse the four groups of Buddhist practitioners of faults

說四衆過戒


说四众过戒

see styles
shuō sì zhòng guò jiè / shuo1 si4 zhong4 guo4 jie4
shuo ssu chung kuo chieh
 setsu shishuka kai
precept forbidding speaking of the faults of the four groups of renunciant practitioners

不說四衆過罪戒


不说四众过罪戒

see styles
bù shuō sì zhòng guò zuì jiè / bu4 shuo1 si4 zhong4 guo4 zui4 jie4
pu shuo ssu chung kuo tsui chieh
 fusetsu shishu kazai kai
The prohibition of mentioning the errors and sins of other disciples, cleric or lay; abstention from speaking of the faults of members of the saṃgha

說四衆名德犯過戒


说四众名德犯过戒

see styles
shuō sì zhòng míng dé fàn guò jiè / shuo1 si4 zhong4 ming2 de2 fan4 guo4 jie4
shuo ssu chung ming te fan kuo chieh
 setsu shishu myōtoku bonka kai
precept forbidding speaking of the faults of the four groups of renunciant practitioners

Entries with 2nd row of characters: The 2nd row is Simplified Chinese.

This page contains 5 results for "四衆" in Chinese and/or Japanese.



Information about this dictionary:

Apparently, we were the first ones who were crazy enough to think that western people might want a combined Chinese, Japanese, and Buddhist dictionary.

A lot of westerners can't tell the difference between Chinese and Japanese - and there is a reason for that. Chinese characters and even whole words were borrowed by Japan from the Chinese language in the 5th century. Much of the time, if a word or character is used in both languages, it will have the same or a similar meaning. However, this is not always true. Language evolves, and meanings independently change in each language.

Example: The Chinese character 湯 for soup (hot water) has come to mean bath (hot water) in Japanese. They have the same root meaning of "hot water", but a 湯屋 sign on a bathhouse in Japan would lead a Chinese person to think it was a "soup house" or a place to get a bowl of soup. See this: Japanese Bath House

This dictionary uses the EDICT and CC-CEDICT dictionary files.
EDICT data is the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, and is used in conformance with the Group's license.

Chinese Buddhist terms come from Dictionary of Chinese Buddhist Terms by William Edward Soothill and Lewis Hodous. This is commonly referred to as "Soothill's'". It was first published in 1937 (and is now off copyright so we can use it here). Some of these definitions may be misleading, incomplete, or dated, but 95% of it is good information. Every professor who teaches Buddhism or Eastern Religion has a copy of this on their bookshelf. We incorporated these 16,850 entries into our dictionary database ourselves (it was lot of work).



Combined, these cover 1,007,753 Japanese, Chinese, and Buddhist characters, words, idioms, names, placenames, and short phrases.

Just because a word appears here does not mean it is appropriate for a tattoo, your business name, etc. Please consult a professional before doing anything stupid with this data.

We do offer Chinese and Japanese Tattoo Services. We'll also be happy to help you translate something for other purposes.

No warranty as to the correctness, potential vulgarity, or clarity is expressed or implied. We did not write any of these definitions (though we occasionally act as a contributor/editor to the CC-CEDICT project). You are using this dictionary for free, and you get what you pay for.

The following titles are just to help people who are searching for an Asian dictionary to find this page.

Japanese Kanji Dictionary

Free Asian Dictionary

Chinese Kanji Dictionary

Chinese Words Dictionary

Chinese Language Dictionary

Japanese Chinese Dictionary